Terrariums with living plants - or, as they are often called in Russia, florariums - are popular because all their care comes down to rare but regular (every two to three weeks) watering. As a rule, unpretentious plant species are planted in the florarium: it can be similar to the tropical jungle and the rocky desert. Florarium can be assembled at a master class or party, or at home according to our instructions. We tell you what is needed for this.
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What are the florariums
All florariums are conditionally divided into two large groups: open and closed. In open florariums, moisture will gradually leave the vessel - such should be regularly watered, although watering will be required less often than when keeping the same plants in a pot. In closed moisture, evaporating from the top layer of soil and plant leaves, settles on the walls of the vessel. The resulting droplets flow or fall down, repeating the natural circulation of water in the atmosphere. Such florariums either do not require watering at all, or watering is very rarely needed - this is what they bribe if the time for caring for home flowers is catastrophically small.
What to cook for assembly (plants, tools and soil)
As plants for the first florarium fittonia, forest green moss and salinaria are suitable. Of the commercially available plants in closed systems, ferns (e.g., aspleniums, adiantum) and mosses, various ficuses (e.g., ficus microcarp), coffee, cirrus asparagus, spathiphyllum, chlorophytum, and chamedorea coexist well. Also to create a florarium you will need:
Glass jar with a lid of any volume;
Bowl and paddle for mixing soil;
An important point is the compilation of the soil. You can take the finished soil from the store, but it is better to find suitable components and mix them yourself, then the soil will be of higher quality. In the simplest version, you can mix one part of the top and lowland peat, and then add one part of the loosening component - for example, coarse sand. Siliconite or zeolite can also be used as a disintegrant. You can also add coconut substrate, coconut fiber, hydrogel - the final composition is limited only by personal preferences and experience in the preparation of soils. In addition to the soil, it is advisable to find a bundle of dry moss for the lower layer of the florarium. Sphagnum moss is ideal for these purposes; it can be bought at a flower shop or collected in the forest.
How to collect florarium
Mix all the soil components well in a bowl. If you have chosen a ready soil, proceed to the next step.
Cut a cylinder five to seven centimeters high from a plastic bottle. Make sure it fits freely in the neck of the jar. If the cylinder does not enter, cut it along, connect the ends so that a cylinder of a smaller diameter is obtained, and fix it with tape.
Attach the cylinder to the lid of the jar with tape, fix it securely so that the cylinder does not hang. The gap between the cover and the bottom edge of the cylinder will still remain, but it’s not scary. The result is a glass in which we will plant the plants.
Put about a centimeter of dry moss on the bottom of our homemade pot-glass - it is needed so that the earth does not spill out of the glass through the gap between the lid and the plastic. Top up with about 1-1.5 centimeters of soil.
Carefully remove the fittonium from the pot, separate the part you need, shake the excess earth from the roots. Place the plant in a home-made glass pot, arrange to your liking and add soil to almost the top edge of the cylinder, deviating from the edge about a centimeter. Soil can be loosened with a wooden stick in vertical movements - so you will definitely get rid of all air cavities that may remain in the glass.
Add to the composition salioli and green moss. For planting salioli, you can separate a small part of the bush with roots or cut off several branches and put directly on the ground, slightly crushing them - this plant is very easy to root. Moss can be divided into small pieces and laid out on the surface of the soil.
Walk on the surface of the moss with a wooden stick, season the protruding shoots inside the glass and firmly press the moss to the soil, finally forming the composition.
Pour the composition so that the whole earth is moist. Excess water will flow out through the gap from below - this is normal.
Cover the glass with a glass jar on top and wrap the lid. If desired, decorate it with kraft paper, which can be fixed with jute twine or other beautiful rope.
Florarium is ready. Put it in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight, so that the walls of the can are less foggy. Once every few months, open a can for watering and airing, cut the plants if they become cramped, or change the composition when you get bored. The life expectancy of the composition in the florarium is approximately one to two years, after which it is better to change the soil and plant new plants.
Photo: cover: Prostock-studio - stock.adobe.com, 1, 3 - penny royal, 2 - tarnrit / stock.adobe.com