If you count the roads as the circulatory system of the city, Moscow is terminally ill, because its vessels are clogged with traffic jams. The capital is trying to follow the western path: until 2016, the Moscow authorities promise to spend 1.64 trillion rubles on the development of infrastructure, including the creation of a new intelligent management system. Traffic management experts - transport planning engineers - are increasingly in demand, given that other Russian megacities will begin to deal with traffic jams after Moscow.
The profession appeared in Europe and America in the 60s of the XX century, when the number of private cars grew so much that the roads stopped accommodating them, and the transport management system no longer worked. We needed specialists who would come up with a new system built on the priority of public transport over private, as well as on rigid infrastructure planning for any construction.
For example, in Singapore
In the early 90s, the Singapore authorities actively built roads and parking lots - they spent huge amounts of money, but they did not get rid of traffic jams. Then another method was tested - limiting the number of cars. Among other measures, roads were paid. Moreover, the authorities began to use flexible tariffs: if the overall speed on city roads decreases, the authorities raise the price of movement - tomorrow, by convention, you will pay not two, but three dollars.
Most of the megacities went along this path, and transport planning engineers began to predict traffic changes for years to come.
About the profession
Transportation Planning Engineer
In the USA and Europe in the 60s, in Russia - about two years ago
Traffic management, forecasting changes in the transport environment
WHO IS SUITABLE
Logisticians, sociologists, economists, road safety engineers, mathematicians
From 40,000 rubles to 200,000 rubles and more
Governments of large cities, development companies, architects
Since February 2012, a transport model of Moscow and the region has been developed at the Department of Transport and the Development of Road Transport Infrastructure. The model is a database of information about the city: the number of houses, residents, jobs and other indicators in each district. By analyzing these data, the model will be able to show a picture of the movement of vehicles and flows of people throughout the city, as well as predict changes in the transport situation during the construction of a new facility or, for example, when a road is blocked.
So far, what is happening on the roads is being evaluated in the old fashioned way - data is being collected from databases of various transport services, as well as sociological surveys of the population. The next stage is the widespread installation of cameras as part of the debugging of a new intelligent transport system.
Another Future Opportunity - Motion Control
If a congestion has formed in some place, the mathematical model will be able to show how to organize the work of traffic lights on this street so that the traffic jam resolves as quickly as possible.
The data of the transport model should be constantly updated, the methods for evaluating and analyzing data should be finalized. This is the task of the transport planning engineer.
Transport Planning Engineer, Head of the Information and Analytical Center at the Department of Transport and the Development of Road Transport Infrastructure of Moscow
How come in profession
Experience in various companies taught me to understand the structure of movement and planning in the city. At the large food company Ruskhleb I was responsible for logistics. At the next job, Russian Railways, I was planning and distributing financial flows, which came in handy when I had to calculate the socio-economic effect when planning traffic.
Then I became the head of the design and survey center at FSUE GOSSMEP, a federal enterprise that organizes traffic in Russian cities. There I began to do something close to what I am doing now. We conducted research work on traffic safety, designed automated traffic control systems. We had our own (easier, of course, than modern) mathematical model of traffic flows. That is, by the time I was invited to work in the information and analytical center, I had knowledge in logistics, economics and in the field of traffic management.
Where to study professions
An integrated approach to traffic management in Russia is a new thing, so for now there is no such specialty in our universities. I have two degrees: I am an automation engineer and a logistics specialist.
Now we have programmers, economists, and traffic management specialists working in our center. We are ready to accept people with almost any higher technical, economic education and ourselves are ready to teach them everything.
I think that in the near future a specialized education will nevertheless appear in Russia. In 2011, the Institute of Transport Economics was established at the Higher School of Economics. It is mainly engaged in research and development, but it may soon take on the training of transport planning specialists.
Which decides tasks
There are many working groups in the Department of Transport: one is responsible for the development of the subway, the second is for the organization of traffic, the third is for the development of railway communication, and so on. When making this or that decision, each group needs an accurate forecast - for example, how the construction of the third metro transfer circuit will affect the load on the Koltsevaya metro line.
In May, a program began to work in test mode, which will allow to "dissolve" the streets from traffic jams in real time. The process of entering new data, some refinements - is constant. Our experts are engaged in collecting information, encoding, entering it into the system.
I can’t disclose my salary, because this is not accepted by officials, but it is higher than the average salary in the country. A transport planning engineer can also work in a private company - for example, in a large development company. If you are able to develop a transport master plan of the territory, then the earnings will be more than 100,000 rubles per month.
What we are doing now should soon come to every major Russian city. The staff of our information center is constantly growing. Specialists of this profession will be in demand not only in other cities, but also in other countries with similar problems.
Until recently, Moscow followed the path of urban development. I think now everything will turn upside down. Using our transport model, it will be possible to calculate where to build a school, hospital, shopping center, so that every resident has all significant social facilities within walking distance. The analytical data of our transport model will be used not only in the transport department, but also in other departments. Which roads to block and where to direct the flow of cars during the rallies, which public transport routes to use so that everyone can get to the festivities on holiday, and so on - all these questions will soon be answered.
Text: Olesya Shmagun